Compare Plastics

Not sure what material to use in your application?

Compare up to 4 different materials and their properties in the table below.

 

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 Plastic Properties Understandable

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  • Physical
  • Hardness
  • Mechanical
  • Impact
  • Thermal
  • Electrical
  • Flammability
  • Optical
PROPERTY UNIT TEST METHOD
PHYSICAL
Specific Gravity g/cm3 ASTM D792
Water Absorption 23°C, 24 hr % ASTM D570
Saturation, 23°C %
Outdoor Suitability
HARDNESS
Rockwell Hardness (R-Scale, 23°C) ASTM D785
Rockwell Hardness (M-Scale, 23°C) % ASTM D785
Durometer Hardness (Shore D) ASTM D2240
MECHANICAL
Tensile Modulus MPa ASTM D638
Tensile Modulus psi ASTM D638
Tensile Strength (Yield, 23°C) MPa ASTM D638
Tensile Strength (Yield, 23°C) psi ASTM D638
Tensile Strength (Break, 23°C) MPa ASTM D638
Tensile Strength (Break, 23°C) psi ASTM D638
Tensile Elongation (Yield, 23°C) % ASTM D638
Tensile Elongation (Break, 23°C) % ASTM D638
Flexural Modulus (23°C) MPa ASTM D790
Flexural Modulus (23°C) psi ASTM D790
Flexural Strength (23°C) MPa ASTM D790
Flexural Strength (23°C) psi ASTM D790
Compressive Strength (1% Strain) MPa ASTM D695
Compressive Strength (1% Strain) psi ASTM D695
Compressive Strength (10% Strain) MPa ASTM D695
Compressive Strength (10% Strain) psi ASTM D695
Compression modulus (23°C) MPa ASTM D695
Compression modulus (23°C) psi ASTM D695
Coefficient of Friction
vs. Itself-Dynamic ASTM D1894
vs. Itself-Static
Dynamic (40 psi, 50 fpm) ASTM D3702
Static (40 psi) ASTM D3702
Wear Factor (0.28MPA, 0.25m/sec) 10^-8 mm³/N·m ASTM D3702
Wear Rate (40 psi, 50 fpm) in³-min/ft-lbs-hr ASTM D3702
IMPACT
Unnotched Izod Impact (23°C) J/m ASTM D256
Notched Izod Impact (23°C, 6.35mm) J/m ASTM D256
Impact Strenghts (23°C, notched) ft-lbs/in DIN EN ISO 179-1eA
THERMAL
Melting Temperature °C ASTM D2133
Melting Temperature °F ASTM D2133
Deflection Temperature Under Load
0.45 MPa, Unannealed °C ASTM D648
0.45 MPa, Unannealed °F ASTM D648
1.8 MPa, Unannealed °C ASTM D648
1.8 MPa, Unannealed °F ASTM D648
Vicat Softening Temperature °C ASTM D1525
Vicat Softening Temperature °F ASTM D1525
Thermal Expansion (CLTE) cm/cm/°C ASTM D696
Thermal Expansion (CLTE) in/in/°F ASTM D696
Specific Heat J/kg/°C
Specific Heat BTU/lb-°F
Maximum Service Temperature
Intermittent °C UL 746B
Intermittent °F UL 746B
Long Term/Continuous °C UL 746B
Long Term/Continuous °F UL 746B
Brittleness Temperature °C UL 746B
Brittleness Temperature °F UL 746B
Thermal Conductivity w/m/K ASTM C177
ELECTRICAL
Surface Resistivity ohm·cm ASTM D257
Volume Resistivity ohm·cm ASTM D257
ohm·cm ASTM D696
Dielectric Strength kV/mm ASTM D149
Dielectric Constant (23°C, 60 Hz) % ASTM D150
Dielectric Constant (23°C, 1 kHz) % ASTM D150
Dielectric Constant (20 ghz) % ASTM D150
Dielectric Constant (30 ghz) % ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor (23°C, 60 Hz) % ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor (23°C, 1 kHz) % ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor (20 ghz) % ASTM D150
Dissipation Factor (30 ghz) % ASTM D150
FLAMMABILITY
Flame Rating UL94
OPTICAL
Transmittance (3200μm) % ASTM D1003
Haze (3200μm) % ASTM D1003
Yellowness Index (3.2 mm) YI ASTM D1925

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